Friday, September 21, 2012

Automotive Body-in-White Design-Manufacture-Industrial Engineering - YouTube Videos


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1936 film by Chevrolet to show public how cars are made from foundry to assembly
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More films on cars, trains and planes wdtvlive42 channel
http://www.youtube.com/user/wdtvlive42?feature=watch

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Wednesday, September 19, 2012

Automotive Body-in-White Design and Manufacturing - Bibliography




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Design of Body-in-White


Automotive Body in White
http://girishravan.xomba.com/automotive_body_white

Body-in-White Parts
http://www.crateenginedepot.com/pdfs/BodyComponents.pdf


Generation of Hybrid electric vehicle BIW architecture from a styling envelop
2012 Paper
http://altairenlighten.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/1-Generation-of-Optimised-Hybrid-Electric-Vehicle.pdf


Strategic materials selection in the automobile body:
Economic opportunities for polymer composite design
Erica R.H. Fuchs *, Frank R. Field, Richard Roth, Randolph E. Kirchain
Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
2008 paper
http://msl.mit.edu/publications/02_Fuchs_Kirchain_CompositesEconomics.pdf



Saturn Outlook, GMC Acadia and Buick Enclave
BIW technology in the new 2007 presentation
http://www.autosteel.org/~/media/Files/Autosteel/Great%20Designs%20in%20Steel/GDIS%202007/06%20-%20Body%20in%20White%20Technology%20in%20the%20New%20Saturn%20Outlook%20GMC%20Acadia%20and%20Buick%20Enclave.ashx


Technological Innovations in Body in White Design and Manufacturing of the BMW X6
Markus PfestorfBMW GroupDuane CopelandBMW MCBMWGroup
Alternative materials and their strength discussed in this presentation
http://www.autosteel.org/~/media/Files/Autosteel/Great%20Designs%20in%20Steel/GDIS%202008/04%20-%20Technological%20Innovations%20in%20Body%20in%20White%20Manufacturing%20of%20the%20BMW%20X6.ashx


http://www.slideshare.net/altairhtcus/optimising-full-electric-vehicle-body-in-white-architecture-from-a-styling-envelope


http://www2.honsel.com/en/products/automotive/body-in-white/



The Application of Multiphase Steel in the Body-in-White
Dr.-Ing. Markus Pfestorf
BMW AG
http://www.autosteel.org/~/media/Files/Autosteel/Great%20Designs%20in%20Steel/GDIS%202005/07%20-%20The%20Application%20of%20Multiphase%20Steel%20in%20the%20Body%20in%20White.ashx

http://www.autosteel.org/~/media/Files/Autosteel/Great%20Designs%20in%20Steel/GDIS%202006/07%20-%20BMW%20-%20Functional%20Properties%20of%20High-Strength%20Steel%20in%20the%20BIW.ashx


A case study of structural optimization of an automotive biw design
2008, SAE paper
http://www.grm-consulting.co.uk/Portals/1/Docs/chrysler.pdf

Manufacturing of Body-in-White



Joining Aluminium Sheets in Automotive Industry - 30 year history
2012 January Welding Journal Research Article
http://www.aws.org/wj/supplement/WJ_2012_01_s23.pdf

Hyundai hmmausa plan - welding body-in-white process short video
http://www.hmmausa.com/?page_id=2296

A baehelor's report on Body-in-white manufacturing process - 2008 - only literature review is available
http://umpir.ump.edu.my/248/1/Mohd_Najmi_Bin_Mohamad.pdf




Meeting the Challenges of Modern Body-In-White Inspection
Leica Geosystems’ high-speed T-Scan hand scanner assures optimal part fitting
2007
http://www.qualitydigest.com/inside/cmsc-article/meeting-challenges-modern-body-white-inspection#



Automating Body-In-White
Modular bodyshop systems automate automotive manufacturing.
2005
http://americanmachinist.com/metal-forming/automating-body-white



New Rapid InfraRed Curing Process - Body-in-White application
2003
http://www1.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/pdfs/success/rapid_curing_jan03.pdf

http://solutions.3m.com/wps/portal/3M/en_US/3M_Automotive/OEMs/Product_Center/Products_By_Segment/Body-In-White/

OPTIMAL AUTOMOTIVE DOOR-BODY FlTTlNG
FOR BODY-IN-WHITE ASSEMBLY
by
Essam Shalash
MS Thesis 1996
http://www.nlc-bnc.ca/obj/s4/f2/dsk2/ftp01/MQ31001.pdf




Turnkey laser cells for in-line body-in-white applications
U. Widén
Permanova Lasersystem AB, Mölndal, Sweden
2003
http://www.permanova.se/public/browsing/GetFile.aspx?id=845




Integration of Dimensional Quality and Locator Reliability in Design and Evaluation of
Multi-station Body-In-White Assembly Processes
Yong Chen
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, The University of Iowa
Iowa City,
http://www2.isye.gatech.edu/~jshi33/Publications/JournalPapers/p54.pdf

Vehicle mass reduction opportunities
http://www.epa.gov/air/caaac/mstrs/oct2010/5_peterson.pdf

welding alternatives and cost for BIW
http://msl1.mit.edu/MIB/3.57/LectNotes/gm_tech_assembly.pdf
The above material is a part of Basic List - Materials From 3.57- LectNotes Directory of materials selection mit course  3.57 (Materials Selection & Design - Lots of Cost Modeling Information)
http://msl1.mit.edu/MIB/3.57/LectNotes/lectnotes.html



Sheet metal assembly - BIW
http://www2.isye.gatech.edu/~jshi33/Publications/JournalPapers/p09.pdf




Prius Synergy Drive Full Tear down - 2012 YouTube Video




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Sunday, September 16, 2012

Electric car upgrade - YouTube Videos - June 2011





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Electric Vehicles EVTV Friday Show - September 7, 2012 YouTube Video



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John Deere Zero Turn Electric Lawn mower.
Elecitric Powered ski boat.
Ford Edge motor rebuild

Electric Vehicle Friday Show - February 24, 2012 YouTube Video



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The Electric Car Revolution - 2012 48 Minute YouTube Video



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Hybrid-Electric Vehicle Energy Monitor - YouTube Video


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Weber State University (WSU) - Automotive Technology Department - Advanced Vehicle Systems Lab. A demonstration of the in-vehicle Energy Monitor of a 2008 Toyota Highlander Hybrid as well as a discussion of hybrid system operation.

Wireless Electric Vehicle Charging - 2012



Qualcomm has developed the technology. It will do field trials to understand customer or user response in London to develop standards that can be used by many service stations.

http://www.qualcommhalo.com/

http://www.techradar.com/news/car-tech/wireless-electric-vehicle-charging-explained-1094646

How Hybrid Cars Work


http://auto.howstuffworks.com/hybrid-car.htm

It has good diagrams explaining the main components or systems.


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IBM Research - Lithium Air Battery Uses Oxygen from Atmosphere - 2012 YouTube Video


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The idea is that lithium-air batteries borrow oxygen from the air as the vehicle is being driven, creating an air-breathing battery. This results in lighter batteries with high energy density that extend the car's range from a single charge.

IBM researchers have successfully demonstrated in the lab the fundamental chemistry of the process for lithium-air batteries. If this bold research project is successfully developed, people could see this battery in cars between 2020 and 2030.


Related pages

Lithium/Air Battery Project (Battery 500)
http://researcher.watson.ibm.com/researcher/view_project.php?id=3203

http://www.ibm.com/smarterplanet/us/en/smart_grid/article/battery500.html?lnk=ibmhpcs2/smarter_planet/energy/article/battery_500

http://researcher.watson.ibm.com/researcher/view_project_subpage.php?id=3488

On-road electric vehicle charging technology - 2012


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Global Review of Light Electric Vehicles in 2012 YouTube Video


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Introduction to the Electric Cars of 2012 - YouTube Video


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EV World  - Electric Vehicles World Founder and Publisher

2012 Ford Focus Electric - Car Tech YouTube Video



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Who Killed The Electric Car? 2006 Film YouTube Video



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Electric Car Engineering - Bibliography




Batteries

Edison's Electric Car Battery Gets a Makeover
http://www.livescience.com/21227-edison-electric-car-battery.html





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Electric Vehicle Conversion
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Electric_Vehicle_Conversion


Advocacy for hybrids
http://liferaydemo.unl.edu/web/sdn/electric_vehicles

Purdue School of IE participating in University Electric Vehicle project.
https://engineering.purdue.edu/IE/rethinkIE/GrandPrix

Electric car design miniproject
http://www1.villanova.edu/content/dam/villanova/engineering/documents/freshmanProgramElectricCar.pdf

How Electric Cars Work?
Marshall Brain
http://auto.howstuffworks.com/electric-car1.htm

Drive Mechanism for Electric Car - patent 1995
http://www.google.com/patents/US5396968

Batter Powered Electric Car , Using Photovoltaic Cells Assistance
http://web.ing.puc.cl/~power/paperspdf/dixon/70a.pdf


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Research Papers


2006

The 21st  Century Electric Car
By Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning
Tesla Motors
http://www.fcinfo.jp/whitepaper/687.pdf

1997
Evaluation of Electric Motor and Gasoline Engine Hybrid Car Using Solar Cells
http://www.dimec.unisa.it/Leonardo_New/doc/Evaluation_of_electric_motor_and_gasoline_engine_hybrid_car_using_solar_cells.pdf


1997

How to charge your electric car - YouTube Video


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Charging Chevy Volt. Raw video.

Gridtest Systems EVSE Testing - Charging Test of Electric Cars - YouTube Video


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3D animation of an electric car concept - YouTube Video


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BMW i. BORN ELECTRIC TOUR. DUSSELDORF.- YouTube Video


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Benefits of Electric Vehicles - US Dept. of Energy - YouTube Video




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Chevrolet Volt Drive Simulation - YouTube Video



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Wednesday, September 12, 2012

Solar Energy - Commercial Production



2008

In the Declaration of Leaders Meeting of Major Economies on Energy Security and Climate Change at the Hokkaido Toyako Summit held in July 2008, the G8 pointed out the importance of promoting the use of renewable energies such as solar power.

Mitsubishi Electric forecasts a global Photo Votaic Cell  market size of 1,950 megawatts in fiscal 2009 (April 1, 2008-March 31, 2009), growing to 4,430 megawatts in fiscal 2012 (April 1, 2011-March 31, 2012), and further growth in demand is expected [1].

2011


New solar photovoltaic capacity is now reaching 50 GW and at this capacity, it can be an important source of power. (11 June 2011) (http://johnquiggin.com/2011/06/11/reasons-to-be-cheerful-part-2/    )

15 June 2011
By 2050  3000 Gigawatts of installed capacity of Solar Photovoltaic power will be there. IEEE experts gave the opinion.
http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/solar-photovoltaics-gaining-momentum-and-poised-to-challenge-fossil-fuels-say-ieee-solar-experts-123904389.html


2012


September 2012
Japan's Sun Subsidy firing investment in Solar - $640 billion by 2030.
http://www.renewable-energy-news.co.uk/renewable-energy-news/japan-sun-subsidy-fires-electric-spending-rush-reuters-uk/

Acton, Massachusetts, USA  residents offered Solar power at price below traditional energy prices
http://acton.patch.com/articles/acton-locks-in-solar-energy-prices-lower-than-traditional-energy-sources


Two German solar energy developers, Wuerth Solar GmbH & Co.  and Gehrlicher Solar AG  are planning to build photovoltaic plants in southern Spain that will earn a return without government subsidies.

Wuerth Solar GmbH & Co. intends to build a 287-megawatt plant in the Murcia area for 277 million euros ($363 million). Gehrlicher Solar AG  plans to develop a 250-megawatt solar park in the Extremadura region for about 250 million euros.
(Source: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-04-11/german-developers-plan-solar-parks-in-spain-without-subsidies.html  11 April 2012)


Solar panel costs have tumbled by 80% in the last five years making Solar energy cost effective for residences and businesses.

Cheaper solar power

Fotowatio, Spanish solar power supply company, expects its next plant near Caceres, a city in southwest Spain, to sell solar power at about 16 U.S. cents (12 euro cents) a kilowatt-hour, compared with the 21 cents utility Iberdrola SA gets in a regulated rate that's loaded with charges for transmission, clean-energy and coal subsidies, and a nuclear moratorium.

Annual installations of solar power are now  about 28 gigawatts.

According to Managing Director,  Giuseppe Artizzu, Cautha SRL, a Milan-based developer, is planning to  build the first solar plant that can earn a profit without subsidies in Sicily this year (2012), aided by the island's wholesale price of 13.5 cents a kilowatt-hour.

In India, many factories and homes use diesel generators working at 35 cents a kilowatt-hour. There is good scope for solar power units in India.

India has 30 gigawatts of mainly diesel generators that could be replaced with cheaper solar power tomorrow, according to Tarun Kapoor, joint-secretary at the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.

Experience effect
Solar power cost falls by 20 percent on average every time global installed capacity doubles, according to Vasilis Fthenakis, founder of Columbia University's Center for Life Cycle Analysis.
(Sources: http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/g/a/2012/03/21/bloomberg_articlesM0GN7K1A1I4H01-M1738.DTL)



Fthenakis predicted in 2008 that solar radiation could supply 69 percent of U.S. power by 2050 and 90 percent of all energy by 2100





Solar Energy - Country News

China
China is rapidly emerging as a solar PV cells producer. In 2000, Chinese production of photovoltaic cells was only 3 megawatts.  By the end of 2007, it reached 1088 megawatts,  and ranks first in the world. In December 2005, Suntech Power Co., Ltd., the first one to manufacture PV cells  was listed in New York Stock Exchange. In less than two years, there have been more than 10 Chinese enterprises in the PV market at home and abroad.
(http://newbattery.blogbus.com/logs/32700733.html)


India

More and more companies are announcing Solar energy plants and projects in India.
Adani power has announced 140 MW solar projects.

Solar Energy - India - Plans, Programs and Plants
Israel
Solar can provide 90% of the energy need provided storage solution is available to store energy produced during day time and to supply it at the night.
USA
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) selected 13 Solar America Cities in June 2007 and an additional 12 cities in March 2008 to help lay the foundation for a solar energy market that can serve as a model for cities around the nation.
July  2008.
“ Tucson Electric Power has been named one of the nation’s top 10 “most solar integrated utililties” in a report released by the Solar Electric Power Association .”


UK

27.5.2011
Mayor of London launched city's electric point charge network with 150 points. The plan is to have 1300 points by 2013. The number will be more than petrol stations now in London.
http://www.energyefficiencynews.com/transport/i/4133/

Solar Energy - Individual Company News

30.5.2011
Mark M. Little, Global Research Director for General Electric supported the statements by many that solar power may become cheaper than electricity generated by fossil fuels and nuclear reactors within three to five years. He stated a target of 15 cents a kilowatthour or lower as the rate that will result in adoption of solar energy in homes. Presently the US 2009 average rate ranges from 6.1 cents in Wyoming to 18.1 cents in Conneticut.
General Electric developed thin film solar panels with 12.8% efficiency. GE intends to start a manufacturing facility for these high efficiency panels in 2013.
HyperSolar announced a technology that can increase photo voltaic cell efficiency by 300%.
While currently there is 16 gigawatts of installed energy, 1800 gigawatts will be installed in next 20 years. This sector will be a big job generator.
General Electric developed thin film solar panels with 12.8% efficiency. GE intends to start a manufacturing facility for these high efficiency panels in 2013.
HyperSolar announced a technology that can increase photo voltaic cell efficiency by 300%.
While currently there is 16 gigawatts of installed energy, 1800 gigawatts will be installed in next 20 years. This sector will be a big job generator.

August 27, 2008

Mitsubishi Electric  intends to accelerate its capital investment plan by one year, and invest a total of 50 billion yen to quadruple its annual PV production capacity from 150 megawatts (present) to 600 megawatts by fiscal 2012 (April 1, 2011-March 31, 2012).
  
 Solar Water Heaters [2]
In the 1890s solar water heaters were being used all over the United States. In 1897, 30 percent of the homes in Pasadena, just east of Los Angeles, were equipped with solar water heaters. As mechanical improvements were made, solar systems were used in Arizona, Florida and many other sunny parts of the United States.By 1920, ten of thousands of solar water heaters had been sold. But discovery large amounts oil and gas resources made solar water heater an inconvenient mode.
Now, solar water heaters are making a comeback. There are more than half a million of them in California. They heat water for use inside homes and businesses. They also heat swimming pools
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References
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For Additional Reading
_______________________________________________________________________________________
Published Market Research Reports
1. Solar Photovoltaic Cell Market Report: 2008 Edition, Published 2008/12, Published by : Koncept Analytics, US $ 1,800 ( PDF by E-mail (Corporate Use License) ), US $ 900 ( PDF by E-mail (Single User License) ) , http://www.photovoltaics-reports.com/products/koan79600-solar-phot-cell.html
Original Knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/solar-energy-commercial-production/ 2utb2lsm2k7a/ 857

Monday, July 16, 2012

Air Conditioning - Patents - History




On 17 July 1902,  the first air (temperature and humidity) conditioning went into operation in a Brooklyn printing plant.  Fluctuations in heat and humidity in the plant had been causing the dimensions of the printing paper to keep altering slightly, enough to ensure a misalignment of the colored inks. The new air conditioning machine created a stable environment and aligned four-color printing became possible.

This was done by Willis Haviland Carrier, within one year after he  graduated from Cornell University with a Masters in Engineering,  who started on a salary of $10.00 per week.


The 'Apparatus for Treating Air' (U.S. Pat# 808897) granted in 1906, was the first patent awarded to Willis Haviland Carrier. Even though, the recognized 'father of air conditioning' is Carrier,  the term 'air conditioning'  was actually originated by Stuart H. Cramer, who  used the phrase 'air conditioning' in a 1906 patent claim filed for a device that added water vapor to the air in textile plants - to condition the yarn.

In 1911, Willis Haviland Carrier disclosed his basic Rational Psychrometric Formulae to theAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers. The formula still stands today as the basis in all fundamental calculations for the air conditioning industry.  The story is that Carrier he received his 'flash of genius' for the theory while waiting for a train. It was a foggy night and his mind drifted into the problem of temperature and humidity control. By the time the train arrived, Carrier had got the explanation or  understanding of the relationship between temperature, humidity and dew point.

Industries flourished with the new ability to control the temperature and humidity levels during and after production.  Willis along with six other engineers formed the Carrier Engineering Corporation in 1915 with a starting capital of $35,000 (1995 sales topped $5 billion) to focus on developing air conditioning technology.

In 1921, Willis Haviland Carrier patented the centrifugal refrigeration machine. The 'centrifugal chiller' was the first practical method of air conditioning large spaces.


http://www.invent.org/hall_of_fame/29.html
http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa081797.htm



Recent patents

1984  http://www.google.com/patents/US4478053

1991   http://www.google.com/patents/US5050396

1998  http://www.google.com/patents/US5709103

2003 http://www.google.com/patents/US6577487

Thursday, June 7, 2012

Mechanical Materials and Their Mechanical Properties - Chapter Contents

Spring Design - Web Pages

Spring Design - Web Pages

Spring Design - Web Pages

Authors


Compression springs, extension springs, torsion springs
http://www.spring-makers-resource.net/spring-design.html


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Spring design - nptel lecture
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Clutch - Design - Web Pages

Clutch - Design - Web Pages

Clutch - Design - Web Pages

Authors


Design of plate clutch
http://www.tech.plymouth.ac.uk/sme/desnotes/desclut.htm

Clutch design program
http://autopro.8k.com/clut.html
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Design of Machine Elements - Google Books

Design of Machine Elements - Google Books

Design of Machine Elements - Google Books

Authors


Bernard J. Hamrock
McGrawHill
2004
http://books.google.co.in/books?id=gOfKT2Ya0wwC

Timothy Wentzell
Thomos Delmar Learning
2004
http://books.google.co.in/books?id=9Bz-LtIxHCAC

Andrew Dimorgonos
Wiley - IEEE,
2000
http://books.google.co.in/books?id=aeT4laBNYwsC

Springs - Chapter Knol Collection

Springs - Chapter Knol Collection

Springs - Chapter Knol Collection

Authors

Collected Knols

Rivets - Design

Rivets - Design

Rivets - Design

Authors

Collected Knols

Bearing - Design - Chapter Knol Collection

Bearing - Design - Chapter Knol Collection

Bearing - Design - Chapter Knol Collection

Authors

Collected Knols

Friction Clutches - Chapter Knol Collection

Friction Clutches - Chapter Knol Collection

Friction Clutches - Chapter Knol Collection

Chapter of Design of Machine Elements - Knol Book

Authors

Gears Design - Web Pages

Gears Design - Web Pages

Gears Design - Web Pages

Authors

Wednesday, May 30, 2012

Sunday, May 27, 2012

How To Manufacture

How To Manufacture

How To Manufacture

How To Manufacture Aluminium Foil, Paper, PCB, Screw driver, Television,

Authors


Stream Specific Components Design and Manufacture - Index

How to manufacture PCBs
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AIIEv7N1FJE

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z2_uUfA6Wio

Paper
http://www.madehow.com/Volume-2/Paper.html

Television Manufacture and Repair
Wiki book
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Television_Manufacture_and_Repair

Accordion

Acetylene

Acrylic Fingernail

Acrylic Plastic

Action Figure

Air Bag

Air Conditioner

Air Freshener

Air Purifier

Airship

Aluminum

Aluminum Beverage Can

Aluminum Foil

Amber

Ambulance

Ammunition

Aneroid Barometer

Angioplasty Balloon

Animation

Antibacterial Soap

Antibiotic

Antilock Brake System

Antiperspirant Deodorant Stick

Antishoplifting Tag

Armored Truck

Artificial Blood

Artificial Eye

Artificial Flower

Artificial Heart

Artificial Heart Valve

Artificial Limb

Artificial Skin

Artificial Snow

Artificial Turf

Asbestos

Aspartame

Asphalt Cement

Asphalt Paver

Aspirin

Automatic Drip Coffee Maker

Automobile

Automobile Windshield

Baby Carrier

Baby Formula

Baby Stroller

Baby Wipes

Backhoe

Bagel

Bagpipes

Baking Powder

Baking Soda

Ball Bearing

Balloon

Ballpoint Pen

Bank Vault

Barbed Wire

Bar Code Scanner

Baseball

Baseball Bat

Baseball Cap

Baseball Glove

Basket

Basketball

Bath Towel

Bathtub

Battery

Bean Bag Plush Toy

Bed Sheet

Beef Jerky

Beeper

Beer

Bell

Bicycle

Bicycle Seat

Bicycle Shorts

Billboard

Binocular

Bioceramics

Bird Cage

Birdseed

Birth Control Pill

Bisque Porcelain Figurine

Black Box

Bleach

Blood Pressure Monitor

Blue Jeans

Book

Boomerang

Bow and Arrow

Bowling Ball

Bowling Pin

Boxing Gloves

Braille Publication

Brandy

Brass

Brassiere

Bread

Breath Alcohol Tester

Breath Mint

Brick

Broom

Bulldozer

Bullet

Bulletproof Vest

Bungee Cord

Business Jet

Butter and Margarine

Button

Camera

Camera Lens

Canal and Lock

Candle

Candy Cane

Candy Corn

Caramel

Carbon Fiber

Carbon Monoxide Detector

Carbon Paper

Carousel

Carpet

Cash Register

Castanets

Cast Iron Stove

Catheter

Cathode Ray Tube

Cat Litter

CAT Scanner

Cellophane Tape

Ceramic Filter

Ceramic Tile

Cereal

Chalk

Chalkboard

Champagne

Change Machine

Charcoal Briquette

Cheese

Cheese Curl

Cherries

Chess

Chewing Gum

Chicken

Children s Clothing

Child Safety Seat

Chocolate

Chopsticks

Cider

Cigar

Cigarette

Clarinet

Clothes Iron

Clothing Pattern

CNC Machine Tool

Coffee

Coffin

Cognac

Coin

Coir

Combination Lock

Combine

Comic Book

Compact Disc

Compact Disc Player

Compass

Compost

Computer Mouse

Concrete

Concrete Beam Bridge

Concrete Block

Concrete Dam

Condensed Soup

Condom

Contact Lens

Cooking Oil

Copper

Cork

Corkscrew

Corn Syrup

Correction Fluid

Corrugated Cardboard

Corset

Cotton

Cotton Candy

Cotton Swab

Cough Drop

Cowboy Boots

Cranberries

Crane

Crash Test Dummy

Crayon

Credit Card

Cubic Zirconia

Cuckoo Clock

Cultured Pearl

Cushioning Laminate

Cutlery

Cyclotron

Decorative Plastic Laminate

Dental Crown

Dental Drill

Dental Floss

Denture

Diamond

Dice

Dishwasher

Disposable Diaper

Diving Bell

DNA Synthesis

Dog Biscuit

Doorknob

Doughnut

Drain Cleaner

Draw Bridge

Drinking Straw

Drum

Dry Ice

Drywall

Duct Tape

Dulcimer

DVD Player

Dynamite

EEG Machine

Eggs

EKG Machine

Electric Automobile

Electric Blanket

Electric Guitar

Electric Tea Kettle

Electronic Ink

Elevator

Envelope

Epilation Device

Eraser

Escalator

Evaporated and Condensed Milk

Expanded Polystyrene Foam EPF

External Defibrillator

Eyeglass Frame

Eyeglass Lens

Fabric Softener

Fake Fur

Fat Substitute

Faucet

Feather Duster

Felt

Ferris Wheel

Fertilizer

Fiberboard

Fiberglass

File Cabinet

Fill Dam

Fire Engine

Fire Extinguisher

Fire Hose

Fire Hydrant

Fireworks

Fishing Fly

Fishing Lure

Fishing Rod

Flashlight

Flavored Coffee Bean

Flea Collar

Floppy Disk

Flour

Fluoride Treatment

Flute

Foam Rubber

Footbag

Football

Football Helmet

Fortune Cookie

Fountain Pen

Freeze Dried Food

Frisbee

Frozen Vegetable

Frozen Yogurt

Fruitcake

Fruit Leather

Furnace

Furniture Polish

Galoshes

Garbage Truck

Gas Lantern

Gas Mask

Gasoline

Gasoline Pump

Gelatin

Geodesic Dome

Glass Ornament

Globe

Glucometer Test Kit

Glue

Goalie Mask

Gold

Golf Ball

Golf Cart

Golf Club

Golf Tee

Graham Cracker

Green Tea

Greeting Card

Grenade

Grinding Wheel

Guillotine

Guitar

Gummy Candy

Gyroscope

Hair Dryer

Hair Dye

Hair Remover

Hairsproy

Halogen Lamp

Hammer

Handcuffs

Hang Glider

Hard Hat

Harmonica

Harp

Harpsichord

Hay Baler

Headstone

Hearing Aid

Heat Pump

Heavy Duty Truck

Helicopter

Helium

High Heel

Hockey Puck

Hockey Stick

Holiday Lights

Hologram

Home Pregnancy Test

Honey

Horseshoe

Hot Air Balloon

Hot Dog

Hourglass

Hula Hoop

Hunting Knife

Ice Cream

Ice Cream Cone

Ice Resurfacing Machine

Ice Skates

Imitation Crab Meat

Incense Stick

Indigo

Industrial Hemp

Industrial Robot

In Line Skates

Instant Coffee

Instant Lottery Ticket

Insulated Bottle

Insulin

Integrated Circuit

Iron

Ironing Board

Iron On Decal

Jam and Jelly

Jawbreaker

Jelly Bean

Jet Engine

Jigsaw Puzzle

Juice Box

Jukebox

Kaleidoscope

Kayak

Kazoo

Kerosene

Ketchup

Kite

Krypton

Laboratory Incubator

Lace Curtain

Laser Guided Missile

Laser Pointer

Latex

Laundry Detergent

Lava Lamp

Lawn Mower

Lawn Sprinkler

Lead

Lead Crystal

Leather Jacket

License Plate

Licorice

Life Vest

Light Bulb

Light Emitting Diode LED

Lighter

Linen

Lipstick

Liquid Crystal Display LCD

Litmus Paper

Lock

Lollipop

LP Record

Lubricating Oil

Lumber

Lyocell

Macadamia Nut

Magnet

Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI

Manhole Cover

Maple Syrup

Maracas

Marbles

Marker

Marshmallow

Mascara

Match

Matryoshka Doll

Mattress

Mayonnaise

Mercury

Microphone

Microscope

Microwave Oven

Milk

Milk Carton

Milking Machine

Mirror

M M Candy

Model Train

Molasses

Mop

Mosquito Repellent

Motorcycle

Mousetrap

Mouthwash

Movie Projector

Mustard

Nail

Nail Polish

Natural Gas

Necktie

Needle free Injection System

Neon Sign

Newspaper

Nicotine Patch

Night Scope

Nuclear Submarine

Nutcracker

Oatmeal

Olive Oil

Olives

Optical Fiber

Orange Juice

Oxygen

Oxygen Tank

Pacemaker

Pacifier

Paddle

Paint

Paintball

Paintbrush

Pantyhose

Paper

Paper Clip

Paper Currency

Parachute

Parade Float

Pasta

Patent Leather

Peanut Butter

Pencil

Pepper

Perfume

Pesticide

Pet Food

Photograph

Photographic Film

Piano

Pickle

Pillow

Pinball

Pipe Organ

Pita Bread

Pizza

Plastic Doll

Plastic Wrap

Player Piano

Playing Cards

Plywood

Polyester

Polyester Fleece

Polyurethane

Pool Table

Popcorn

Popsicle

Pop Up Book

Porcelain

Portable Toilet

Postage Stamp

Potato Chip

Pottery

Pressure Gauge

Pretzel

Printed Circuit Board

Propane

Punching Bag

Radio

Radio Collar

Raincoat

Raisins

Rammed Earth Construction

Rayon

Recliner

Refrigerator

Revolver

Revolving Door

Ribbon

Rice

Rice Cake

Road Sign

Roller Coaster

Rolling Pin

Rope

Rough Terrain Forklift

Rubber Band

Rubber Cement

Rubber Stamp

Rubik s Cube

Running Shoe

Saddle

Safety Pin

Safety Razor

Sailboat

Salad Dressing

Salsa

Salt

Sand

Sandpaper

Satellite Dish

Saw

Saxophone

Scale

School Bus

Scissors

Scratch and Sniff

Screw

Screwdriver

Seedless Fruits and Vegetables

Seismograph

Self Adhesive Note

Semiconductor Laser

Sewing Machine

Shampoo

Shaving Cream

Sheet Music

Shellac

Shingle

Ship in a Bottle

Shoelace

Shortbread

Shrapnel Shell

Silicon

Silk

Silly Putty

Silver

Skateboard

Ski

Skyscraper

Sleeping Pill

Slime

Slinky Toy

Smoke Detector

Smoked Ham

Snowshoe

Soap

Soccer Ball

Soda Bottle

Sodium Chlorite

Sofa

Soft Drink

Solar Cell

Solar Heating System

Solid State Laser

Soy Milk

Soy Sauce

Spacesuit

Spam

Spandex

Spark Plug

Speedometer

Spinning Wheel

Sponge

Spork

Spray Paint

Springs

Stained Glass

Stainless Steel

Stapler

Statuary

Steel Pipe

Steel Wool

Stereoptic Viewer

Stereo Speaker

Stethoscope

Stetson Hat

Stirling Cycle Engine

Storm Shelter

Straight Pin

Sugar

Sunflower Seed

Sunglasses

Sunscreen

Super Glue

Surfboard

Surge Suppressor

Sushi Roll

Suspension Bridge

Suture

Swimming Pool

Swimsuit

Sword

Synthetic Ruby

Syringe

Table

Tattoo

Tea bag

Teddy Bear

Teeth Whitener

Teflon

Telephone

Telephone Booth

Telescope

Television

Temporary Tattoo

Tennis Racket

Thermometer

Thompson Submachine Gun

Thread

Tiara

Tin

Tire

Tissue with Lotion

Titanium

Toaster

Tofu

Toilet

Toilet Paper

Toothbrush

Toothpaste

Topographic Map

Tortilla Chip

Toy Model Kit

Toy Wagon

Traffic Signal

Trampoline

Trophy

Trumpet

T Shirt

Tuba

Tunnel

Tuxedo

TV Dinner

Typewriter

Ukulele

Umbrella

Unicycle

Vaccine

Vacuum Cleaner

Vegetarian Burger

Vending Machine

Vermiculite

Video Game

Videotape

Vinegar

Vinyl Floorcovering

Violin

Violin Bow

Vitamin

Vodka

Voting Machine

Wallpaper

Washing Machine

Watch

Water

Water Gun

Wet Suit

Wheelbarrow

Whiskey

Whistle

Wig

Wind Chime

Windmill

Windshield Wiper

Wind Turbine

Wine

Wooden Clog

Wood Stain

Wool

Wrapping Paper

X Ray Glasses

Xylophone

Yarn

Yogurt

Yo yo

Zinc

Zipper

Zirconium