Friday, September 21, 2012

Automotive Body-in-White Design-Manufacture-Industrial Engineering - YouTube Videos


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1936 film by Chevrolet to show public how cars are made from foundry to assembly
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More films on cars, trains and planes wdtvlive42 channel
http://www.youtube.com/user/wdtvlive42?feature=watch

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Wednesday, September 19, 2012

Automotive Body-in-White Design and Manufacturing - Bibliography




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Design of Body-in-White


Automotive Body in White
http://girishravan.xomba.com/automotive_body_white

Body-in-White Parts
http://www.crateenginedepot.com/pdfs/BodyComponents.pdf


Generation of Hybrid electric vehicle BIW architecture from a styling envelop
2012 Paper
http://altairenlighten.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/1-Generation-of-Optimised-Hybrid-Electric-Vehicle.pdf


Strategic materials selection in the automobile body:
Economic opportunities for polymer composite design
Erica R.H. Fuchs *, Frank R. Field, Richard Roth, Randolph E. Kirchain
Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
2008 paper
http://msl.mit.edu/publications/02_Fuchs_Kirchain_CompositesEconomics.pdf



Saturn Outlook, GMC Acadia and Buick Enclave
BIW technology in the new 2007 presentation
http://www.autosteel.org/~/media/Files/Autosteel/Great%20Designs%20in%20Steel/GDIS%202007/06%20-%20Body%20in%20White%20Technology%20in%20the%20New%20Saturn%20Outlook%20GMC%20Acadia%20and%20Buick%20Enclave.ashx


Technological Innovations in Body in White Design and Manufacturing of the BMW X6
Markus PfestorfBMW GroupDuane CopelandBMW MCBMWGroup
Alternative materials and their strength discussed in this presentation
http://www.autosteel.org/~/media/Files/Autosteel/Great%20Designs%20in%20Steel/GDIS%202008/04%20-%20Technological%20Innovations%20in%20Body%20in%20White%20Manufacturing%20of%20the%20BMW%20X6.ashx


http://www.slideshare.net/altairhtcus/optimising-full-electric-vehicle-body-in-white-architecture-from-a-styling-envelope


http://www2.honsel.com/en/products/automotive/body-in-white/



The Application of Multiphase Steel in the Body-in-White
Dr.-Ing. Markus Pfestorf
BMW AG
http://www.autosteel.org/~/media/Files/Autosteel/Great%20Designs%20in%20Steel/GDIS%202005/07%20-%20The%20Application%20of%20Multiphase%20Steel%20in%20the%20Body%20in%20White.ashx

http://www.autosteel.org/~/media/Files/Autosteel/Great%20Designs%20in%20Steel/GDIS%202006/07%20-%20BMW%20-%20Functional%20Properties%20of%20High-Strength%20Steel%20in%20the%20BIW.ashx


A case study of structural optimization of an automotive biw design
2008, SAE paper
http://www.grm-consulting.co.uk/Portals/1/Docs/chrysler.pdf

Manufacturing of Body-in-White



Joining Aluminium Sheets in Automotive Industry - 30 year history
2012 January Welding Journal Research Article
http://www.aws.org/wj/supplement/WJ_2012_01_s23.pdf

Hyundai hmmausa plan - welding body-in-white process short video
http://www.hmmausa.com/?page_id=2296

A baehelor's report on Body-in-white manufacturing process - 2008 - only literature review is available
http://umpir.ump.edu.my/248/1/Mohd_Najmi_Bin_Mohamad.pdf




Meeting the Challenges of Modern Body-In-White Inspection
Leica Geosystems’ high-speed T-Scan hand scanner assures optimal part fitting
2007
http://www.qualitydigest.com/inside/cmsc-article/meeting-challenges-modern-body-white-inspection#



Automating Body-In-White
Modular bodyshop systems automate automotive manufacturing.
2005
http://americanmachinist.com/metal-forming/automating-body-white



New Rapid InfraRed Curing Process - Body-in-White application
2003
http://www1.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/pdfs/success/rapid_curing_jan03.pdf

http://solutions.3m.com/wps/portal/3M/en_US/3M_Automotive/OEMs/Product_Center/Products_By_Segment/Body-In-White/

OPTIMAL AUTOMOTIVE DOOR-BODY FlTTlNG
FOR BODY-IN-WHITE ASSEMBLY
by
Essam Shalash
MS Thesis 1996
http://www.nlc-bnc.ca/obj/s4/f2/dsk2/ftp01/MQ31001.pdf




Turnkey laser cells for in-line body-in-white applications
U. Widén
Permanova Lasersystem AB, Mölndal, Sweden
2003
http://www.permanova.se/public/browsing/GetFile.aspx?id=845




Integration of Dimensional Quality and Locator Reliability in Design and Evaluation of
Multi-station Body-In-White Assembly Processes
Yong Chen
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, The University of Iowa
Iowa City,
http://www2.isye.gatech.edu/~jshi33/Publications/JournalPapers/p54.pdf

Vehicle mass reduction opportunities
http://www.epa.gov/air/caaac/mstrs/oct2010/5_peterson.pdf

welding alternatives and cost for BIW
http://msl1.mit.edu/MIB/3.57/LectNotes/gm_tech_assembly.pdf
The above material is a part of Basic List - Materials From 3.57- LectNotes Directory of materials selection mit course  3.57 (Materials Selection & Design - Lots of Cost Modeling Information)
http://msl1.mit.edu/MIB/3.57/LectNotes/lectnotes.html



Sheet metal assembly - BIW
http://www2.isye.gatech.edu/~jshi33/Publications/JournalPapers/p09.pdf




Prius Synergy Drive Full Tear down - 2012 YouTube Video




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Sunday, September 16, 2012

Electric car upgrade - YouTube Videos - June 2011





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Electric Vehicles EVTV Friday Show - September 7, 2012 YouTube Video



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John Deere Zero Turn Electric Lawn mower.
Elecitric Powered ski boat.
Ford Edge motor rebuild

Electric Vehicle Friday Show - February 24, 2012 YouTube Video



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The Electric Car Revolution - 2012 48 Minute YouTube Video



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Hybrid-Electric Vehicle Energy Monitor - YouTube Video


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Weber State University (WSU) - Automotive Technology Department - Advanced Vehicle Systems Lab. A demonstration of the in-vehicle Energy Monitor of a 2008 Toyota Highlander Hybrid as well as a discussion of hybrid system operation.

Wireless Electric Vehicle Charging - 2012



Qualcomm has developed the technology. It will do field trials to understand customer or user response in London to develop standards that can be used by many service stations.

http://www.qualcommhalo.com/

http://www.techradar.com/news/car-tech/wireless-electric-vehicle-charging-explained-1094646

How Hybrid Cars Work


http://auto.howstuffworks.com/hybrid-car.htm

It has good diagrams explaining the main components or systems.


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IBM Research - Lithium Air Battery Uses Oxygen from Atmosphere - 2012 YouTube Video


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The idea is that lithium-air batteries borrow oxygen from the air as the vehicle is being driven, creating an air-breathing battery. This results in lighter batteries with high energy density that extend the car's range from a single charge.

IBM researchers have successfully demonstrated in the lab the fundamental chemistry of the process for lithium-air batteries. If this bold research project is successfully developed, people could see this battery in cars between 2020 and 2030.


Related pages

Lithium/Air Battery Project (Battery 500)
http://researcher.watson.ibm.com/researcher/view_project.php?id=3203

http://www.ibm.com/smarterplanet/us/en/smart_grid/article/battery500.html?lnk=ibmhpcs2/smarter_planet/energy/article/battery_500

http://researcher.watson.ibm.com/researcher/view_project_subpage.php?id=3488

On-road electric vehicle charging technology - 2012


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Global Review of Light Electric Vehicles in 2012 YouTube Video


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Introduction to the Electric Cars of 2012 - YouTube Video


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EV World  - Electric Vehicles World Founder and Publisher

2012 Ford Focus Electric - Car Tech YouTube Video



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Who Killed The Electric Car? 2006 Film YouTube Video



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Electric Car Engineering - Bibliography




Batteries

Edison's Electric Car Battery Gets a Makeover
http://www.livescience.com/21227-edison-electric-car-battery.html





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Electric Vehicle Conversion
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Electric_Vehicle_Conversion


Advocacy for hybrids
http://liferaydemo.unl.edu/web/sdn/electric_vehicles

Purdue School of IE participating in University Electric Vehicle project.
https://engineering.purdue.edu/IE/rethinkIE/GrandPrix

Electric car design miniproject
http://www1.villanova.edu/content/dam/villanova/engineering/documents/freshmanProgramElectricCar.pdf

How Electric Cars Work?
Marshall Brain
http://auto.howstuffworks.com/electric-car1.htm

Drive Mechanism for Electric Car - patent 1995
http://www.google.com/patents/US5396968

Batter Powered Electric Car , Using Photovoltaic Cells Assistance
http://web.ing.puc.cl/~power/paperspdf/dixon/70a.pdf


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Research Papers


2006

The 21st  Century Electric Car
By Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning
Tesla Motors
http://www.fcinfo.jp/whitepaper/687.pdf

1997
Evaluation of Electric Motor and Gasoline Engine Hybrid Car Using Solar Cells
http://www.dimec.unisa.it/Leonardo_New/doc/Evaluation_of_electric_motor_and_gasoline_engine_hybrid_car_using_solar_cells.pdf


1997

How to charge your electric car - YouTube Video


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Charging Chevy Volt. Raw video.

Gridtest Systems EVSE Testing - Charging Test of Electric Cars - YouTube Video


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3D animation of an electric car concept - YouTube Video


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BMW i. BORN ELECTRIC TOUR. DUSSELDORF.- YouTube Video


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Benefits of Electric Vehicles - US Dept. of Energy - YouTube Video




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Chevrolet Volt Drive Simulation - YouTube Video



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Wednesday, September 12, 2012

Solar Energy - Commercial Production



2008

In the Declaration of Leaders Meeting of Major Economies on Energy Security and Climate Change at the Hokkaido Toyako Summit held in July 2008, the G8 pointed out the importance of promoting the use of renewable energies such as solar power.

Mitsubishi Electric forecasts a global Photo Votaic Cell  market size of 1,950 megawatts in fiscal 2009 (April 1, 2008-March 31, 2009), growing to 4,430 megawatts in fiscal 2012 (April 1, 2011-March 31, 2012), and further growth in demand is expected [1].

2011


New solar photovoltaic capacity is now reaching 50 GW and at this capacity, it can be an important source of power. (11 June 2011) (http://johnquiggin.com/2011/06/11/reasons-to-be-cheerful-part-2/    )

15 June 2011
By 2050  3000 Gigawatts of installed capacity of Solar Photovoltaic power will be there. IEEE experts gave the opinion.
http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/solar-photovoltaics-gaining-momentum-and-poised-to-challenge-fossil-fuels-say-ieee-solar-experts-123904389.html


2012


September 2012
Japan's Sun Subsidy firing investment in Solar - $640 billion by 2030.
http://www.renewable-energy-news.co.uk/renewable-energy-news/japan-sun-subsidy-fires-electric-spending-rush-reuters-uk/

Acton, Massachusetts, USA  residents offered Solar power at price below traditional energy prices
http://acton.patch.com/articles/acton-locks-in-solar-energy-prices-lower-than-traditional-energy-sources


Two German solar energy developers, Wuerth Solar GmbH & Co.  and Gehrlicher Solar AG  are planning to build photovoltaic plants in southern Spain that will earn a return without government subsidies.

Wuerth Solar GmbH & Co. intends to build a 287-megawatt plant in the Murcia area for 277 million euros ($363 million). Gehrlicher Solar AG  plans to develop a 250-megawatt solar park in the Extremadura region for about 250 million euros.
(Source: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-04-11/german-developers-plan-solar-parks-in-spain-without-subsidies.html  11 April 2012)


Solar panel costs have tumbled by 80% in the last five years making Solar energy cost effective for residences and businesses.

Cheaper solar power

Fotowatio, Spanish solar power supply company, expects its next plant near Caceres, a city in southwest Spain, to sell solar power at about 16 U.S. cents (12 euro cents) a kilowatt-hour, compared with the 21 cents utility Iberdrola SA gets in a regulated rate that's loaded with charges for transmission, clean-energy and coal subsidies, and a nuclear moratorium.

Annual installations of solar power are now  about 28 gigawatts.

According to Managing Director,  Giuseppe Artizzu, Cautha SRL, a Milan-based developer, is planning to  build the first solar plant that can earn a profit without subsidies in Sicily this year (2012), aided by the island's wholesale price of 13.5 cents a kilowatt-hour.

In India, many factories and homes use diesel generators working at 35 cents a kilowatt-hour. There is good scope for solar power units in India.

India has 30 gigawatts of mainly diesel generators that could be replaced with cheaper solar power tomorrow, according to Tarun Kapoor, joint-secretary at the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.

Experience effect
Solar power cost falls by 20 percent on average every time global installed capacity doubles, according to Vasilis Fthenakis, founder of Columbia University's Center for Life Cycle Analysis.
(Sources: http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/g/a/2012/03/21/bloomberg_articlesM0GN7K1A1I4H01-M1738.DTL)



Fthenakis predicted in 2008 that solar radiation could supply 69 percent of U.S. power by 2050 and 90 percent of all energy by 2100





Solar Energy - Country News

China
China is rapidly emerging as a solar PV cells producer. In 2000, Chinese production of photovoltaic cells was only 3 megawatts.  By the end of 2007, it reached 1088 megawatts,  and ranks first in the world. In December 2005, Suntech Power Co., Ltd., the first one to manufacture PV cells  was listed in New York Stock Exchange. In less than two years, there have been more than 10 Chinese enterprises in the PV market at home and abroad.
(http://newbattery.blogbus.com/logs/32700733.html)


India

More and more companies are announcing Solar energy plants and projects in India.
Adani power has announced 140 MW solar projects.

Solar Energy - India - Plans, Programs and Plants
Israel
Solar can provide 90% of the energy need provided storage solution is available to store energy produced during day time and to supply it at the night.
USA
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) selected 13 Solar America Cities in June 2007 and an additional 12 cities in March 2008 to help lay the foundation for a solar energy market that can serve as a model for cities around the nation.
July  2008.
“ Tucson Electric Power has been named one of the nation’s top 10 “most solar integrated utililties” in a report released by the Solar Electric Power Association .”


UK

27.5.2011
Mayor of London launched city's electric point charge network with 150 points. The plan is to have 1300 points by 2013. The number will be more than petrol stations now in London.
http://www.energyefficiencynews.com/transport/i/4133/

Solar Energy - Individual Company News

30.5.2011
Mark M. Little, Global Research Director for General Electric supported the statements by many that solar power may become cheaper than electricity generated by fossil fuels and nuclear reactors within three to five years. He stated a target of 15 cents a kilowatthour or lower as the rate that will result in adoption of solar energy in homes. Presently the US 2009 average rate ranges from 6.1 cents in Wyoming to 18.1 cents in Conneticut.
General Electric developed thin film solar panels with 12.8% efficiency. GE intends to start a manufacturing facility for these high efficiency panels in 2013.
HyperSolar announced a technology that can increase photo voltaic cell efficiency by 300%.
While currently there is 16 gigawatts of installed energy, 1800 gigawatts will be installed in next 20 years. This sector will be a big job generator.
General Electric developed thin film solar panels with 12.8% efficiency. GE intends to start a manufacturing facility for these high efficiency panels in 2013.
HyperSolar announced a technology that can increase photo voltaic cell efficiency by 300%.
While currently there is 16 gigawatts of installed energy, 1800 gigawatts will be installed in next 20 years. This sector will be a big job generator.

August 27, 2008

Mitsubishi Electric  intends to accelerate its capital investment plan by one year, and invest a total of 50 billion yen to quadruple its annual PV production capacity from 150 megawatts (present) to 600 megawatts by fiscal 2012 (April 1, 2011-March 31, 2012).
  
 Solar Water Heaters [2]
In the 1890s solar water heaters were being used all over the United States. In 1897, 30 percent of the homes in Pasadena, just east of Los Angeles, were equipped with solar water heaters. As mechanical improvements were made, solar systems were used in Arizona, Florida and many other sunny parts of the United States.By 1920, ten of thousands of solar water heaters had been sold. But discovery large amounts oil and gas resources made solar water heater an inconvenient mode.
Now, solar water heaters are making a comeback. There are more than half a million of them in California. They heat water for use inside homes and businesses. They also heat swimming pools
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References
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For Additional Reading
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Published Market Research Reports
1. Solar Photovoltaic Cell Market Report: 2008 Edition, Published 2008/12, Published by : Koncept Analytics, US $ 1,800 ( PDF by E-mail (Corporate Use License) ), US $ 900 ( PDF by E-mail (Single User License) ) , http://www.photovoltaics-reports.com/products/koan79600-solar-phot-cell.html
Original Knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/solar-energy-commercial-production/ 2utb2lsm2k7a/ 857